What is dehydration?
Dehydration is a condition in which balance between the excretion of fluids and intake of fluids is not appropriate. Excessive loss of water from body leads to dehydration. It affects the body functioning and our working system is compromised. Even small imbalance can cause big effects on body systems.
What are the causes of dehydration?
- Vomiting- It leads to excessive loss of water and in addition to this it creates a difficult situation for sufferers to combat the situation by drinking more water.
- Physical workload- Increased sweating may happen to be a negative effect for those who are unable to keep up with hydration during their heavy workouts. They may suffer from dehydration.
- Diabetes- Increasing frequency of urination leads to an excess of fluids loss from the body. This is a prime situation diabetics have to face.
- Diarrhea- It’s one of the major cause of dehydration, the body of a sufferer eliminates too much water by preventing the water absorption in the body.
- Alcohol- Increase in alcohol consumption can also hamper your fluid balance in the body.
What are the signs and symptoms of dehydration?
- Increasing thirst
- Dryness in mouth
- Reduction in urine output
- Dry skin
- No Tears
- Bad breath
- Sunken eyes
How much is water consumption in a day necessary?
Depending on the lifestyle of the person, their daily need for water varies. For a normal individual, working in full air-conditioning requires at least 8 glasses of water per day which equals to 2 to 2.5 liters of water. Those who do heavy workouts and physical work training in extreme conditions need about 3 liters of water in a day. Drinking regularly during summers is important to stay away from dehydration.
How to prevent dehydration?
Prevention is better than cure. This line is very common and heard by every single person but in terms of applying it, only a few do so. For preventing dehydration we need to drink more water. It’s safe to carry a water bottle along with you wherever you go. In addition to it try drinking water before and after every meal. Eating lots of fruits which have a high water content in them such as watermelon, strawberry, grapes, pineapple etc. Go for vegetables like cucumber, cabbage, spinach.
What are the treatments for dehydration?
To treat dehydration situation we can start with consuming more fluids for balancing the fluid level in the body. Intake of more watery fruits and vegetables. For severe conditions proper medical treatments are essential. This may include over the counter drugs to treat the causes like vomiting and diarrhea.
Who is affected the most by dehydration?
The extreme effects of dehydration are felt by-
- Elderly people- It’s a difficult situation for elder people to adjust with the changing temperature. Their bodies are not efficient to adapt to the changes easily and absorb fluids.
- Children- They are more prone to diseases like diarrhea and vomiting. So excessive loss of fluids can cause severe conditions.
- People suffering from diseases- Those with compromised body system are most likely to suffer. People with kidney disorders or diabetes are at more risk to get dehydrated.
- Sportsperson- Increasing loss of fluids in form of sweating is also a chance in case of the sportsperson. Therefore drinking water is a must condition for the sportsperson.
- People working outside in the extreme sun- People working in sun are at highest risk of dehydration. If you are in sun for long, try adjusting fluids by more intake of water.
What to do in summers for optimum hydration?
- Drink water before you actually feel a need. Try carrying a bottle with you, set alarm for water, and foremost drink after and before every meal, after you wake up and before going to bed every day.
- Do not skip your food- try to avoid skipping your meal to stay rich in fluids and mineral content.
- Drink juice- if you don’t get time or don’t like to add veggies and fruits in your meal, you can make juice and consume the best of it to maintain fluid balance during summers.
- Eating a diet with the balance of every essential component is important. Eat the balanced diet and stay healthy.
- Avoid intake of excessive caffeine-containing drinks like coffee and tea.
- Alcohol consumption may lead to dehydration, therefore avoid excessive alcohol intake.
Summers is no less than a festival season for children. They are all set to enjoy their summer vacations in summer camps and family gatherings. But extreme temperature conditions may pose a problem for your children. So, drink more water and indulge your children in the same habit especially for summers.